12,500 ha of orchards and 6,000 ha of vegetable crops enable over 64,000 producers to market nearly 280,000 metric tons of fruits and vegetables. Fruits fall into two (02) categories: fruits from perennial plants (mango, papaya, cashew nut, citrus, etc.) and those from annual or biennial plants (bananas, strawberries, melons, watermelons). The main production areas are Kénédougou, Comoé and Leraba provinces that are all located in western Burkina Faso.
Mango is the leading fruit export, mainly to Europe.
There are several varieties thereof that are:
Mango variety amelie: the most produced and the earlier. It is marketed before others
Mango variety kent.
Mango variety keitt.
More than 40,000 metric tons of vegetables are mainly produced during the dry season in irrigated vegetable gardens and lowlands. This production is composed of French beans, tomatoes, onions, cabbage, lettuce, carrot, Irish potato, okra and hot peppers.
French beans, okra and hot peppers are exported to Europe. Tomato, which is meant for the sub-region, also accounts for a significant part of exports. Then come watermelons, pawpaw, melons, passion fruit, strawberries, bananas, lemons, guavas, etc. On top of these modern fruits, there are also wild ones: shea, monkey bread, jujubes, wild grapes, etc. The western region is known as “Burkina Faso’s orchard”. As a matter of fact, it supplies all urban centres with fruits and exports some.
French beans: It made Burkina Faso famous. It can be eaten in the form of salad or as main course. It is grown in the north central part, namely Kongoussi.
Irish Potato: consumed in the form of stew, Irish potato is widely grown in the northwest of the country, whose capital is Ouahigouya.
Cabbage, lettuce, spinach, onion, tomato and eggplant, are off-season vegetable products grown around major water reservoirs or on private irrigated plots in villages.